1900Foundation of the first modern form of agricultural cooperative in Almyros Magnesia.

1910 The short story “Dead Traveler” (Al. Papadiamantis) makes a reference to “apples and potatoes and chestnuts from Zagora”.

1914The first law about Cooperative Unions is voted by the government.

1915 The Government Gazette publishes the law 602/1915 on Cooperatives.

Konstantinos Samaras1916Foundation of the “Commercial Cooperative of Agricultural Products” of Zagora (October 27 1916). The priest Konstantinos Samaras becomes the interim President of the Cooperative.

Konstantinos Panopoulos1917 The first elections for the Administrative and Supervisory Board of the Cooperative are held. First Elected President was Konstantinos Panopoulos, Professor.

1918 The first report of the previous year is sent to the newly established Ministry of Agriculture.

Leonidas Kanellis1919 Νew President of the Cooperative is the former President of the Community of Zagora, Leonidas Kanellis.

1920 Tax reports show that the Contributors amounted to 214.

1921 Formal beginning of the cooperative’s business with potatoes, chestnuts, hazelnuts, apples and walnuts.

1922 The obligatory delivery of the entire production of the partners to the Organization is established.

1923Crisis in the Organization. Administration asks for scrutiny by competent authorities.

George N. Vourazelias1924 President of the Cooperative is George N. Vourazelias, a former member of the commercially active community of Pelion people in Egypt.

1925 A telegram shows that the partners are 340.

1926 The Supervisor of Cooperatives of the National Bank validates for the first time the good accounting management of the Organization.

1927 The Bank of Greece is founded, and the founding of the Agricultural Bank of Greece, which will take place two years later, is agreed in Geneva between the Greek government and the Committee of the League of Nations.

1928 Huge increase of potato production of the Cooperative, from 700,000 to 3,000,000 kilograms, according to a document to NBG.

1929 In the middle of the road to Chorefto is the garden of Zagora, with scientifically cultivated fruit tree nurseries. The superintendent agronomist told us that all the apples are now sent to all the villages of Pelion (Elli Apostolidou in the short story “The Pelion Zagora”).

Potatoes production in the olive grove

1930 The first advertisement of the Cooperative in the newspaper “Thessalian Press”.

1931 Vertical fall in the value of Greek bonds and rumors of a possible bankruptcy of Greece.

1932 Suspension of government payments is declared as a result of the country’s external debt swelling due to the international financial crisis and the decline in exports.

1933 Construction of the road from Volos to Zagora.

1934 A bill is being drafted for the support of the producers of Zagora who have been damaged by hail, following the intervention of the Cooperative.

1935 Samsarelos brings Starking apples variety from California to Migela village.
Koliabasis cultivates the “renedes” apples variety also called “koliabaseika”, after his name.

1936 Concern of members about a possible trade crisis due to the expansion of potato cultivation across the country.

Reinette du Canada

1937 Construction of the warehouse of the Cooperative in Chorefto. Products are transported almost exclusively by sea.

1938 222 new members are registered to the Cooperative. The Cooperative manages to distribute 50% of Zagora total agricultural production.

1939The Governor of the Agricultural Bank announces a loan for irrigation projects to be carried out by the Community at a cost of 2,000,000 drachmas in the region of Zagora, which will contribute to increasing production.

1940 War. Forced suspension of the democratic functions of the Cooperative, such as the convergence of General Meetings.

1941 In January, the first Cooperative Body meeting is held, after the declaration of war, and it is the Supervisory Board.

1942 The Cooperative operates normally, but the General Μeeting doesn’t take place.

1943 The Italians who occupate the region burn houses in Zagora, in retaliation for the death of an Italian soldier.

Italians in Zagora.

1944 The Cooperative cooperates with other Organizations, within the framework of the exchange economy, for the purpose of feeding the village.

1945 Publishing of the Order of Payment (included in a British Museum’s edition for the World History of Money).

Order of Payment 1945

1946 Creation of self-insurance capital to cover a possible marine casualty during transportation.

1947Civil war makes it impossible to converge General Meetings.

1948Inability to hold elections for the administration of the Cooperative due to the civil war.

1949 Fire and destruction of the Chorefto warehouses during a civil war battle. Excellent olive crop.

1950 Establishment of a Medical Care Fund for the members of the Cooperative.

1951Reduction of the cooperative dynamics and slow growth rate.

1952 The Cooperative develops the activity of marketing agricultural supplies throughout Eastern Pelion.

1953Market research for apple exports in the northern countries and Egypt.

1954 The financial situation of the Cooperative is deteriorating. Damages to installations from the earthquake.

1955The cultivation of the “starking apples” variety gradually starts to expand. Until then, some old apple varieties are cultivated, such as “manies”, “skioupia”, “gine”, “bellfor”, “renedes”, and especially the firikia which are called “The King of Apples”, and basic crops are also hazelnuts, potatoes, olives and chestnuts.

1956Apples production is twice the potato production.

1957The potato production is tossed. The smell of rotten potatoes is unbearable in a long range. A few years later, the cultivation of potatoes for marketing, is abandoned.


1958Efforts for economic reorganization.

1959 First reports of creating a refrigarator unit that would serve the villages of Zagora, Pouri, Makrirachi and Anilio.

1960Producers’ Conference in Agria on the organization of the primary sector through Cooperatives.
Rapid spread of the “starking” apples variety.

Apples Harvest
Reconstruction of the Cooperative

1961Evidence of economic improvement is recorded.

1962 The Cooperative is active in the payment of agricultural pensions in the area, on behalf of ATE bank.

1963Decision to settle debts and to promote products, mainly with potatoes and chestnuts.

1964Reconstruction of the Cooperative with the mass registration of 50 producers, aiming at the joint marketing of apples.

1965 Operation of the wholesales store at the Central Market of Athens in Rentis. It still remains in the same position, A15-17.

Store at the Central Market of Athens

1966 Purchase of the first truck of the Cooperative.

The first truck of the Cooperative
pears

1967 Pears are for the first time a separate issue of the partners, at a meeting, a sign of the upward course of cultivation.

1968 Depose of the elected administration and compulsory appointment of a new one under the regime of 21 April 1967.

1969Common marketing products are apples from the starkin varieties, fyriki and pears.

1970The number of members’ withdrawals increases considerably, for the first time since 1951.

1971Building of the first core of refrigerators.

1972Land purchase for expansion of the refrigeration unit.

1973 Operation of a wholesales Store at the Central Market of Thessaloniki where until today the Cooperative maintains a shop, A64-65, with export activity in the Balkans.

First core of refrigerator units
Forklift Truck

1974The democratic operation of the Cooperative is restored. Elections for administration are held after 9 years.


1975 Purchase of a forklift truck for the refrigerators units.


1976Purchase of the second Cooperative truck.


1977The apples are tossed. No decent compensation is given. Blockades at “Karavoma” junction.

1978 Increment of the amount of penalty clause for those members who do not deliver their entire production to the Cooperative.

1979 2nd Law on Cooperatives (Law 921/1979).
First Expansion of the Refrigerators wing.

1980First Apple Feast, with the Deputy Minister of Agriculture Chrysostomos Karapperis (Rallis Government).

Farmers protest
1981: First electronic sorting machine

1981Greece joins the EEC (1/1/1981). Decision to purchase the first electronic sorting machine.

1982 Registration of 221 new members in just one year. The production increases from 1.000 to 5.200 tons.
Recognized as a Producers Group under the EEC regulation 1035/72.

One wing of the refrigerators is destroyed by fire. This wing is still called the ”burned” wing.

Announced “Pilot Cooperative” by the Ministry of Agriculture.

1983Strengthening of the cooperative movement, with European subsidies for the withdrawal of non-tradable products, only for cooperative farmers.

1984Setup in renovated privately owned offices.

Second expansion of the refrigerators wing.

Inauguration from the Agriculture Minister Costas Simitis, later Prime Minister of the country.

Opening of Refrigerators wing
The offices and supermarket of the Cooperative in Zagora

1985Opening of the supermarket of the cooperative. New charter. Change of the brand name to AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE OF ZAGORA PILIO. 3rd Law on Cooperatives (Law 1541/1985).

1986Gaining the first award by the Ministry of Agriculture for high export performance. Major disasters from a flood on November 4. First drafting of the ZAGORIN logo brand.

1987A section of the refrigerators collapses due to a snowstorm in March. Third expansion of the refrigerator wing. They are the largest in the Balkans.

1988The old warehouse of Chorefto (1937), changes use and becomes a tourist complex. Placing apples in “disks” and disposable cartons.

1989The Cooperative has 550 members and controls 80% of Zagora’s production.

Direct exports to the Netherlands and Portugal.

Apples packaging
Ακτινίδια

1990Significant reduction in the cash deficit. Purchase of a car for the Cooperative. The first computerized balance sheet.

1991Investments for organizing a common market in kiwis. Weak economic condition.

1992The Coperative becomes a member of the EUROFRU European Organization. Annual apple Festival from 1992 to 1996.

19934th Law on Cooperatives (Law 2169/1993). School trip to Brussels in 1993 and 1994. Last massive registration of 100 members. The Cooperative controls almost 100% of production.

1994First conversion of the Refrigerator Wing to Controlled Atmosphere.
First participation in the AGROTICA exhibition.
First export to Israel.

1995The Cooperative signs business contracts, collaborating with big supermarket chains.
First export to Cyprus.

Refrigerator facilities

1996Registration of PDO “APPLES of ZAGORA PELION”. The first entry for PDO in the EU for apples.
 ΠΟΠ
Placement of the ZAGORIN tag on every apple.
TV advertising begins.

1997 Pilot integration into an integrated production management program.

Recognized as a Producer Group under the new EU Regulation 2200/96. Implementation of Annual Operational Plans.

Organizing a PROGNOSFRUIT Pan-European Conference in Volos.

1998HACCP integration procedures.

Electronic sorting and packaging machine

1999Purchase of the second electronic sorting machine.
First appearance of the microcarpa (small fruited).

20005th law about Cooperatives (2810/2000).

2001 Adaptation to the modern market trend for complete product listing.

2002 Chestnuts, olives and fyrikia in the common market scheme.

2003 First request to the Ministry for crop restructuring – closed irrigation circuits.

Royal Gala

2004Cherries and apples royal gala in common marketing.
Advertisements in the spirit of the Olympic Games.

2005First educational trip of producers to northern Italy.

2006 Integrated production reaches 100%. agrocert

2007Gradual restructuring of apple cultivation begins. All products of the region under the common marketing scheme.

2008Complete loan repayment to the Agricultural Bank of Greece.

2009Turnaround to environmentally friendly cultivation methods. The first member of the Cooperative to certify as an organic farmer.

2010First export to Egypt.

20116th Law about Cooperatives (N. 4015/2011).
For the first time a female candidate for the Board.
Export of Chestnuts in Germany.

2012 Difficult situation as a result of the economic crisis.
Awarded by “Gastronomos” magazine of “Kathimerini” newspaper.

Codling moth coupling inhibition system.
photo: Panagiotis N. Gouviotis

2013Geotechnical surveys for the cultivation and preservation of apples.

Organization the apple festival with the Municipality of Zagora – Mouresi.

2014 Operation of a Farmer Service Center.

2015 GLOBALGAP certificate for all major products.

Decision to cover the entire area with a system for codling moth to avoid spraying.

2016

Production of Molasses made with PDO ZAGORIN firikia

100 years since the founding of the Cooperative.

Anniversary events and activities culminating in the weekend of 2-4 September 2016.

100 χρόνια Ζαγορίν

2017A two-volume project packaged in a box containing the film of the Cooperative for the history of the place and the Organization.

Panhellenic Student Competition for Healthy Diet.

Cheastnut exports in Italy.

2018 The Cooperative is registered to the National Index of Intangible Cultural Heritage

Superior Taste Award for Zagorin molasses from Pelion Firiki.

The Cooperative in the “diamonds of the Greek economy”.

Export of apples to Jordan.

  • timeline_1001
  • Agricultural
    Cooperative
    of Zagora-Pilio

For 100 years the Cooperative supports the producers and their land and will continue with the same vision towards the future.

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  • Ημερολόγιο 2016

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Headquarters: Zagora Pelion Greece P.O 37001
Tel: +30 24260-22450 Fax: +30 24260-22950